English 201A Workbook
Note: Be sure to use the Fall 2016/Spring 2017 edition of the Library Research Workbook (with the PINK cover) for this semester. All other editions are out-of-date and should not be used. If you use another edition, your answers will be wrong!
Keep your browser open to this page while you are reading the Workbook. It has both required and recommended materials in different media to help you understand the research process and how to write a good paper.
Recommended sources are available for a complete overview of the research process. Use some of these for a more in-depth approach to doing your research paper.
BOOKS: these are available at the Reserve Desk and/or Reference Area of the Cuesta Library, and have many good examples and explanations for each research area.
- Hacker, Diana and Nancy Sommers. A Pocket Style Manual, 6th ed. 2012
- Hacker, Diana and Nancy Sommers. Rules for Writers 7th ed., 2012. A longer and more complete version of the Pocket Style Manual
- MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, 7th ed. 2009
The Purdue OWL YouTube channel: https://www.youtube.com/user/OWLPurdue.
Purdue OWL Writing Lab: https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/ Home page of the Purdue OWL. Many pages of help under General Writing and Research and Citation.
CORE Information Literacy: http://www.webpages.uidaho.edu/info_literacy/
modules/module2/2_1.htm this is a page with various types of research and a definition
OWL /writing a research paper https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/
658/01/ a general intro to the concept.
Information Literacy and types of information: http://www.webpages.uidaho.edu/
a. Topic and Research Question
Picking your topic IS research https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q0B3Gjlu-1o
College Research Tips: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xp9lEIjFdTE
Develop a Research Question: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=
How to Narrow a Research topic with the 5 Ws: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=znN7jDrd8Vc
Purdue OWL: Choosing a Topic https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/
What Makes a Good Research Question? https://cirt.gcu.edu/research/developmentresources/tutorials/question
REQUIRED LINKS #1 (questions 4 & 5):
b. Choosing the right sources
REQUIRED LINKs #2 & 3 (questions ?):
Did You Know? Information Cycle https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k1rKEMIa1X4
UCF Libraries: The Information Cycle https://vimeo.com/ucflibraries/informationcycle
The Information Cycle: http://www.library.illinois.edu/ugl/howdoi/informationcycle.html
SMART: Evaluating Sources https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gx3RiK_aceQ
Researching Online for College Students: Five Easy Steps: https://www.youtube.com/
Purdue OWL. An in-depth discussion of evaluation, including web pages and print sources https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/553/1/
REQUIRED LINKS #4-10 (questions 19-24):
Select this URL for question 19: http://factsaboutgmos.org/
Select this URL for question 20: http://www.centerforfoodsafety.org/
Select this URL for question 21: http://worldnewsdailyreport.com/doctors-confirm-first-human-death-officially-caused-by-gmos/
Then go to Snopes.com: http://www.snopes.com/media/notnews/gmodeath.asp
Select this URL for question 22: http://discover.monsanto.com/monsanto-gmo-foods
Select this URL for question 23: http://abriluno.com/phillip-morris-introduces-
Select this URL for question 24: https://www.wikipedia.org/
a. Critical reading
Kickstart Critical Reading. An in-depth tutorial on how to learn and use critical
Critical reading tutorial with 2 excellent power points embedded. PP1 is Critical Reading 101. PP2 is how to critically “read” images. http://www.sophia.org/tutorials/critical-reading-as-a-learning-strategy
A one-page handout with Critical Reading strategies from U of Minnesota: http://writing.umn.edu/sws/assets/pdf/quicktips/criticalread.pdf
b. Synthesis and Integration – topic (thesis) sentence
U of Illinois slide show on how to synthesize, with examples: http://www.uis.edu/ctl
Writing Commons shows how to synthesize and integrate sources: http://writingcommons.org/open-text/research-methods-methodologies/integrate-evidence/incorporate-evidence/1030-synthesizing-your-research-findings
Help…I've Been Asked to Synthesize! Defines synthesis and shows what to do and not do: https://www.bgsu.edu/content/dam/BGSU/learning-commons/documents/writing/
synthesis/asked-to-synthesize.pdf Excellent tutorial on synthesis.
Purdue OWL: examples of thesis statements https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/
Integrating Sources: Paraphrasing, Quoting and Summarizing
Quoting vs paraphrasing MLA Style has useful examples: https://www.youtube.com/
Purdue OWL discussion of all 3 ways to integrate sources: https://owl.english.
Purdue OWL examples of paraphrasing: https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/619/1/
This excellent guide from the U of Illinois discusses the three ways of integrating sources: http://www.library.illinois.edu/ugl/howdoi/How_Do_I_PDF_Files/Integrating_Sources.pdf
Las Positas College examples of paraphrasing, quoting and summarizing, with MLA examples: http://www.laspositascollege.edu/library/documents/lpcplagiarism_examples.pdf
Loyola Marymount U has this excellent libGuide with examples: http://libguides.lmu.
Balancing Your Voice
Supporting Your Opinions: the art of Balancing Your Voice: http://www.canyons.edu/Offices/TLC/PowerPoints/Quoting%20and%20
REQUIRED LINK #11 (question 34):
Academic Integrity Tutorial: https://www.umuc.edu/students/academic-integrity/
Plagiarism: How to Avoid it. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2q0NlWcTq1Y
Purdue OWL: very good overview of plagiarism, including best practices and exercises. https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/589/01/
https://www.indiana.edu/~istd/example1paraphrasing.html 5 examples of plagiarism
http://www.webpages.uidaho.edu/info_literacy/modules/module6/6_5.htm plagiarism example
In-text citation tips
- Context: EXAMPLE: Writing Commons http://writingcommons.org/open-text/research-methods-
- Signal Phrase EXAMPLE: http://www.stlcc.edu/Student_Resources/Academic_Resources/Writing_Resources/Writing_Handouts/Signal%20Phrases%20to%20Introduce%20Sources.pdf
- Page or paragraph numbers. EXAMPLE: Columbia College of Missouri https://web.ccis.edu/~/media/Files/Academic%20Resources/Writing%20Center/mla_examples.pdf
- Avoid redundancy
- Two works by the same author: EXAMPLE: Purdue OWL https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/
- If you paraphrase or summarize... UNO: http://www.uno.edu/lrc/writingcenter/documents/
- The in-text citation must match the first part of the Works Cited entry for that particular source, usually author’s name, and/or article title. EXAMPLE: Virtual Salt: http://www.virtualsalt.com/MLA-InText.html
- Do not begin or end body paragraphs with a quotation, paraphrase, or summary. Example:
Columbia College https://web.ccis.edu/Offices/AcademicResources/WritingCenter/EssayWritingAssistance/
MLA formatting: in-text citations - the basics: a bit long but very useful:
What are in-text citations? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R5igNRmKLug
Using Citations Effectively. A more light-hearted look:
Purdue OWL MLA in-text citations: the basics https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/747/01/
Works Cited Page
Purdue OWL: MLA Sample Works Cited Page: https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/
Purdue OWL: complete sample undergraduate paper marked up in MLA https://owl.english.purdue.edu/media/pdf/20091250615234_747.pdf